Sociology addresses the social order of human life and the institutions created thereby: cities, businesses, organisations, universities, marriages, familial relations and friendships. All of these social phenomena are the subject of sociological research in regard to their social relativity, their structure, function and meaning as well as their potential for change and development.
Sociology as a discipline offers a variety of instruments and methods for this. It also has branched out into a multitude of different schools of thought that allow for various perspectives on the matter. Students learn scientific methods and and how to critically analyse social contexts and interrelations. The study of sociology teaches competencies for analysing, presenting and influencing social processes.