In principle, it is possible to have academic credits recognised. However, each university or higher education institution has its own regulations for the recognition of credits already earned. In each case, it is checked whether the completed work corresponds in content and scope to a module in the new degree programme and can be recognised there. Since the modules often have similar names but may differ in content, the recognition of credits is always an individual, subject-specific examination.
In simplified terms, the following rough guidelines apply: Especially in the first semesters, basic knowledge is still taught. This means that students from different degree programmes often take the same modules and attend the same courses and examinations. If there are such common modules in the desired degree programme and alternative degree programme, it is highly likely that they will be recognised, especially if the change of degree programme takes place at the same university or college. It is therefore best to find out about this before you start your studies, e.g. at the (Zentrale Studienberatung und -orientierung ZSB). Central Student Advisory and Guidance Service
Ideally, so many modules can be successfully completed that the recognised credits correspond to one semester. Then it is possible to apply for and be placed in a higher semester.
But be careful! The admission restrictions of NC degree programmes often also apply to higher semesters. When changing your degree programme, you should therefore check whether you meet the requirements. There are also application deadlines for changing programmes that must be kept in mind. In most cases, you can only start your studies (1st semester, except for higher semesters) in the winter semester. If you want to apply for BAföG, you can only change your degree programme once and within the first four semesters so that you do not lose your entitlement to further funding.
Otherwise, please note that a course of study does not count as a waiting period! So if you apply (again) for an NC degree programme, this time will not be counted if you have studied during this period. If you have a very good Abitur, this aspect is less important.
Therefore, it is important to think about why you have chosen your desired degree programme. What do you want to achieve professionally? Is this only possible with this degree programme, or does an alternative degree programme offer similar prospects? Are there other options, such as an apprenticeship, a gap year or voluntary service, which can be credited later as waiting periods when you apply again and which might therefore make your application more promising? The (ZSB) can help you decide. Central Student Advisory Service and Orientation